What We’re Growing in 2013

Welcome to Crop of the Day! Here, you’ll find some of our featured daily crops at the farm along with some growing tips and fun facts each day of Hoop-A-Thon STL, our 40-day campaign for a hoop house on Indiegogo until August 2nd.

Red Russian Kale

Crop of the Day

Day 34:
Cucumbers
cukes

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

DIVA, LEMON, GENERAL LEE

Scientific name: Cucumis sativus
Plant Family: Cucurbitaceae
Planting Dates: Seed or transplant outside in the ground no earlier than 2 weeks after last frost date. Cucumbers are extremely susceptible to frost damage; the soil must be at least 65ºF for germination. Do not plant outside too soon!
Days to Maturity: 48-65
Rows Spacing: 5-6′
Seed Spacing: 2″
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 8″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Summer
Fun Fact: A Japanese water creature name Kappa is used to scare children of the dangers lurking in waters. Cucumbers are the only food Kappa enjoys more than human children. Thus, the cucumber filled sushi roll is named Kappa Maki roll.

Day 33:
Hot Pepper
jalapeno

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

ANCHO POBLANO,JALAPENO, EL JEFE

Scientific name: Capsicum frutescence 
Plant Family: Solanacea
Planting Dates: Feb 12-26
Days to Maturity: 60-70
Rows Spacing: 24″
Seed Spacing: 1-2 sd/cell
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 12-18″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Summer
Fun Fact: Capsaicin, the chemical in peppers that makes them hot, isn’t found in any other plant and is potent enough that people can identify it even when the concentration is as little as one part per million.

Day 32:
Cherry Tomatoes
cherry tomato

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

SUNGOLD

Scientific name: Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
Plant Family: Solanacea
Planting Dates: Feb 12-26
Days to Maturity: 58-65
Rows Spacing: 3′
Seed Spacing: 1-2 sd/cell
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 14-20″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Summer
Fun Fact: Originally tomatoes were considered poisonous by Europeans. It was thought if you ate a tomato, its poison would turn your blood to acid.

Day 31:
Sweet Peppers
pepper

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

IKO IKO, CORNO DI TORO,JUPITER

Scientific name: Capsicum annuum
Plant Family: Solanacea
Days to Maturity: 58-85
Rows Spacing: 24″
Seed Spacing: 4 sds/in
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 12-18″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Summer
Fun Fact: Peppers are actually fruits because they are produced from a flowering plant and contain seeds- most people think of them as vegetables.

Day 30:
Bean, Yard Long
bean-red-noodle

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

RED NOODLE

Scientific name: Vigna unguiculata
Plant Family: Leguminoseae
Planting Dates: After first frost and successions every 3 weeks until mid summer
Days to Maturity: 78
Rows Spacing: 4′
Seed Spacing: 3″
Seed Depth: 1″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer
Fun Fact: Yard long beans really do grow to 3 feet long, although they are usually picked when about 18 inches long. The are related to black-eyed peas, but taste and look like green beans. They originated in Africa or southern Asia.

Day 29:
Watermelon
watermelon

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BLACKTAIL MOUNTAIN, SUGAR BABY

Scientific name: Citrullus lanatus
Plant Family: Cucurbitaceae
Days to Maturity: 75
Rows Spacing: 6′
Seed Spacing: 2 sd/cell
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 2″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Summer
Fun Fact: China is the world’s single largest watermelon producer!

Day 28:
Orach
orach

 

Scientific name: Atriplex
Plant Family: Chendpodiaceae
Days to Maturity: 28-45
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 2″
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Fun Fact: This plant is also known as saltbush or mountain spinach.

Day 27:
Parsley
parsley

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

GIANT OF ITALY

Scientific name: Petroselinum crispum
Plant Family: Umbelliferae
Days to Maturity: 75
Rows Spacing: 24″
Seed Spacing: 4″
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 12-18″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring, Summer & Fall
Fun Fact: Medicinal uses of parsley are helping to control high blood pressure, strengthen bladder, is a diuretic, acts as a kidney stimulant, assists in the absorption of maganese. Caution: Parsley should not be consumed as a drug or supplement by pregnant women. In excess can lead to photosensitivity.

Day 26:
Dill
dill

 

Scientific name: Anethum graveolens
Plant Family: Umbelliferae
Days to Maturity: 40-55
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 2-4″
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring, Summer & Fall
Fun Fact: Dill is mainly used for protection, money and love. Hang in sachets above the front door to protect the home, hang in sachets on a cot to protect the baby, use dill seeds in money spells.

Day 25:
Radish
radish

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

CHERRY BELLE

Scientific name: Raphanus sativus
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: April 3-17
Days to Maturity: 21-50
Rows Spacing: 1′
Seed Spacing: 3/4-1″
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 2″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Radical and Radish both share the same root word. Radishes are the “root” of a plant, and radicals wish to change the “root” of the political system.

Day 24:
Broccoli
broccoli

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BELSTAR, DE CICCO

Scientific name: Brassica oleracea
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: For spring plantings, direct sow outdoors (or transplant seedlings) 2 to 3 weeks before last spring frost date. For fall plantings, direct sow seeds outdoors 85 to 100 days before your average first fall frost.
Days to Maturity: 70-80
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 1-2 sds/cell
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 8″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Fall
Fun Fact: Eating it was strongly found to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease death in postmenopausal women

Day 23:
Turnip, Traditional
turnips

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

PURPLE TOP

Scientific name: Brassica rapa
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Days to Maturity: 55
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 1″
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Turnip greens display an excellent nutritional profile, even better than the roots.

Day 22:
Eggplant
eggplant

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

ROSA BIANCA, GALINE

Scientific name: Solanum melongena
Plant Family: Solanacea
Planting Dates: May 10- June 15
Days to Maturity: 65
Rows Spacing: 30″
Seed Spacing: 4 sds/in
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 18″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer
Fun Fact: In China, as part of her bride price a woman used to be required to produce at least 12 eggplant recipes prior to her wedding day.

Day 21:
Spinach, Malabar
spinach

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

RED

Scientific name: Basella alba
Plant Family: Basellaceae
Days to Maturity: 55-70
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 1″ in 2″ band
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: none-12″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring

Day 20:
Leek
leek

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BANDIT

Scientific name: Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum
Plant Family: Allium
Planting Dates: To start leeks from seed, sow indoors 8-10 weeks before the last expected spring frost. Plant seeds 1/2 inch deep in pots at least 6 inches deep, thinning to 1 inch apart when the seedlings are 3 inches tall. Growing conditions on the cool side (60-65°F) are best. Hardened-off seedlings can be set out in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked.
Days to Maturity: 100
Rows Spacing: 6-12″
Seed Spacing: 1-2 sds/cell
Seed Depth: 1/4”, tp 6”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 4″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring
Fun Fact: Ancient Greeks and Romans revered their benefit upon the throat.

Day 19:
Broccoli Raab
broccoliraab

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

SESSANTINA GROSSA

Scientific name: Brassica rapa
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: For a fall harvest, start seeds indoors 12 to 14 weeks before your first fall frost, and set the seedlings out when they’re four to six weeks old. Direct-sow broccoli raab starting eight weeks before your first fall frost.
Days to Maturity: 35-42
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 10-12 /ft
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall

Day 18:
Potato
potato

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

PURPLE MAJESTY, DESIREE, GERMAN BUTTERBALL, RED THUMB

Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum
Plant Family: Solanacea
Planting Dates: April 10-24
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer
Fun Fact: French Fries were introduced to the U.S. when Thomas Jefferson served them in the White House during his Presidency of 1801-1809.

Day 17:
Spinach
spinach

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

TYEE

Scientific name: Spinacia oleracea
Plant Family: Chendpodiaceae
Planting Dates: Feb 26- March 13
Days to Maturity: 40
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 9-10 sds/ft
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring
Fun Fact: The cartoon character Popoey the Sailor Man is portrayed as having a strong affinity for spinach, becoming physically stronger after consuming it.

Day 16:
Garlic
garlic

Scientific name: Allium sativum
Plant Family: Allium
Planting Dates: Fall or very early spring planting is required because dormant cloves and young garlic plants must be exposed to cold temperatures of 32 to 50 degrees F. for one to two months to induce bulb formation.
Days to Maturity: 100-120
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 6″
Seed Depth: 2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer
Fun Fact: Garlic is believed to ward off heart disease, cancer, colds, and flu. The consumption of garlic lowers blood cholesterol levels. and reduces the buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Day 15:
Pac Choi
pac choi

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

PRIZE

Scientific name: Brassica rapa var chinensis
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Days to Maturity: 45
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 4″
Seed Depth: 1/4″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 8″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Fall
Fun Fact: Pac Choi has more vitamin A, carotenes, and other flavonoid polyphenolic anti-oxidants than cabbage, cauliflower, etc.

Day 14:
Okra
okra

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BURGUNDY, BECK’S BIG BUCK

Scientific name: Abelmoschus esculentus
Plant Family: Malvaceae
Planting Dates: Start okra directly in your garden 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost date as long as you cover the plants with a cold frame or grow tunnel until the weather warms up. Make sure that the covering is 2 to 3 feet tall so that the plants have room to grow.
Days to Maturity: 75-80
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 2″
Seed Depth: 1/2″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 18″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer
Fun Fact: Use cut okra pieces to thicken soups or stews.

Day 13:
Kohlrabi
kohlrabi

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

PURPLE VIENNA

Scientific name: Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: Kohlrabi is a quick-maturing plant whose harvest season can be extended with successive plantings in spring and fall. For a spring crop, sow seeds about 4 weeks before the last frost date, making successive sowings while the weather stays cool.
Days to Maturity: 50
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 6″
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2″
Fun Fact: Kohlrabi is a good source of vitamin C and potassium.

Day 12:
Bean, Snap
greenbeans

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

PROVIDER, FRESH PICK, DRAGON’S TONGUE

Scientific name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Plant Family: Leguminoseae
Planting Dates: April 15- May 20 & July 25- Aug 10
Days to Maturity: 53
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 2″
Seed Depth: 1″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 2-4″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: They are an excellent source of vitamin C, Vitamin K and manganese.

Day 11:
Lettuce
lettuce

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

ENCORE, BIBB, RHAZES, JERICHO,SPECKLED BIBB

Scientific name: Lactuca sativa
Plant Family: Asteraceae
Planting Dates: March 20- April 25
Days to Maturity: 42-55
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 1″
Seed Depth: 1/8″
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 8″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: It is thought to have originally been grown in ancient Egypt for the production of oil from its seeds, and was considered sacred to the fertility god Min, and to promote childbearing in women.

Day 10:
Cilantro
cilantro

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

CARIBE

Scientific name: Coriandrum sativum
Plant Family: Umbelliferae
Planting Dates: Late spring or early summer
Days to Maturity: 50-55
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 2-4″
Seed Depth: 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 2-4″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Internally, cilantro is used for digestive problems. Externally, it is used for joint problems, as a laxative and hemorrhoids.

Day 9:
Kale
kale

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

TOSCANO, RIPBOR, RED RUSSIAN

Scientific name: Brassica oleracea
Acephala Group
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: Set out transplants in spring 3 to 5 weeks before the last frost; in late summer, you can begin planting kale 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost for fall and winter harvests.
Days to Maturity: 28, 50-65
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 6-8″
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 8″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Kale is a great detox food. Filled with fiber and sulfur, kale is great for detoxifying your body and keeping your liver healthy.

Day 8:
Carrot

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BOLERO, EARLY NELSTON, RAINBOW

Scientific name: Daucus carota
Plant Family: Umbelliferae
Planting Dates: Carrots are hardy cool-season biennials that are frost tolerant and can be planted as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. They grow best when nighttime temperatures are around 55 degrees F and daytime temperatures are around 75 degrees F. Temperatures much higher than this will produce discolored, poor quality carrots.
Days to Maturity: 58-78
Rows Spacing: 16″
Seed Spacing: 3/4-2″
Seed Depth: 1/4-1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 2″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring, Summer & Fall
Fun Fact: Carrots were first grown as medicine not as food.

Day 7:
Chard

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

BRIGHT LIGHTS

Scientific name: Beta vulgaris
Plant Family: Chendpodiaceae
Planting Dates: In spring, sow directly in the garden two weeks before your last frost date, or start seeds indoors three to four weeks before your last frost date and set seedlings out just as the last frost passes. In fall, start seeds about 10 weeks before your first frost date, and set the seedlings out when they are four weeks old.
Days to Maturity: 85
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 6 sds/ft
Seed Depth: 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 4-6″
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring, Summer & Fall
Fun Fact: Prepare Swiss chard by rinsing the crisp leaves several times in warm water. Leaves and stalks can be boiled, steamed, or roasted.

Day 6:
Cabbage

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

KY CROSS, RED EXPRESS

Scientific name: Brassica oleracea
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: Start cabbage seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Transplant outdoors 2 to 3 weeks before the last expected frost date. Choose a cloudy afternoon.
Days to Maturity: 65-110
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 12-18″
Seed Depth: 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 12″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Fall
Fun Fact: Caesar’s armies not only carried it with them as food, but also used it to bound wounds to help reduce infection.

Day 5:
Beets

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

TOUCHSTONE GOLD, RED ACE

Scientific name: Beta vulgaris
Plant Family: Chendpodiaceae
Planting Dates: Early crop can be planted in March/April, and late crop anytime from June to September. Successive plantings are also possible as long as the weather doesn’t exceed 75 degrees F. Space plantings about 20 days apart
Days to Maturity: 45-55
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 15sd/ft.
Seed Depth: 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 3
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Beet powder is used as a coloring agent for food, dyeing cloth, paper and paint and hair.

Day 4:
Japanese Turnip

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

TOKYO CROSS

Scientific name: Brassica rapa subsp. rapa
Plant Family: Brassicaceae
Planting Dates: Early spring, late summer
Days to Maturity: 40
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 1″
Seed Depth: 1/4 – 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 4-6
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Scientists have found that the turnip plant has an insecticidal chemical compound in its system that helps ward of such insects as aphids, spider mites, houseflies and beetles.

Day 3:
Scallions

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

WHITE SPEAR

Scientific name: Allium wakegi
Plant Family: Allium
Days to Maturity: 45-60
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 6-8 sd/cell
Seed Depth: 1/2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 4″/bunch
Seasons Available to Harvest:
Spring, Summer, & Fall
Fun Fact: Green onions are also known as scallions. The white onion bulb and the green stalk are both edible. Humans have been cultivating onions since 3500 BC.

Day 2:
Sugar Snap Peas

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

SUGAR ANN

Scientific name: Pisum sativum
Plant Family: Leguminoseae
Planting Dates: Feb 26- March 13
Days to Maturity: 62
Rows Spacing: 12″
Seed Spacing: 1-1 1/2″
Seed Depth: 1/2 – 1”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: N/A
Seasons Available to Harvest: Spring & Fall
Fun Fact: Sugar snap peas are a cross between English shelling peas and Chinese snow peas. The whole pea pod is edible and has a sweet crunch.

Day 1:
Fennel

Variety we are
growing at EarthDance:

ZEFA FINO

Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare
Plant Family: Umbelliferae
Planting Dates: Direct seed fennel mid-spring through late summer, or start transplants 4-5 weeks before planting date. Plant outdoors after danger of hard frost has passed. Bolting can result from disturbing the roots.
Days to Maturity: 80
Rows Spacing: 18″
Seed Spacing: 10 sds/ft
Seed Depth: 2”
Plant Spacing/Thin to: 6″
Seasons Available to Harvest: Summer & Fall
Fun Fact: Fennel root was one of the flavorings used in Sack, an alcoholic drink featuring mead that was popular during Shakespearian times.

 

This year, EarthDance will be alternating between two Saturday markets: Ferguson Farmers Market and Tower Grove Farmers Market from 8am to 12noon!

The following restaurants, stores and institutions buy produce from EarthDance!

360º Hilton at the Ballpark
Local Harvest Grocery
Fair Shares CSA
Catholic Charities City Greens
Eclipse Restaurant at Moonrise Hotel in The Loop
Fresh Gatherings Cafe at Saint Louis University

RED RUSSIAN KALE TOKYO CROSS TURNIP CYLINDRA BEET SUNGOLD TOMATO JULIET TOMATO OZARK PINK TOMATO GREEN ZEBRA TOMATO HUSK CHERRY LEEK BUSH BEAN DRAGON CARROT RED NOODLE BEAN NERO TONDO RADISH PURPLE TOP WHITE GLOBE TURNIP PREMIUM GREENS MIX EASTER EGG RADISH LEMON CUCUMBER CHEROKEE PURPLE TOMATO RED SAILS LETTUCE BIBB LETTUCE PATTY PAN SQUASH PARSNIP SUMMER SQUASH WATERMELON RADISH PLATO ZUCCHINI BLACK KRIM TOMATO HAKUREI TURNIP MERLIN BEET DIVA CUCUMBER PURPLE MAJESTY POTATO WINTER SQUASH BRIGHT LIGHTS SWISS CHARD SPINACH WHITE ICICLE RADISH JIMMY NARDELLO PEPPER JALAPENO PEPPER GERMAN BUTTERBALL POTATO DESIREE POTATO RED THUMB POTATO GALINE EGGPLANT PING TONG LONG EGGPLANT ROSA BIANCA EGGPLANT TOUCHSTONE GOLD BEET GREEN ROMAIN LETTUCE PAC CHOI BLACK KRIM TOMATO RAINBOW CARROT BROCCOLI RABE TOSCANO KALE NAPOLI CARROT SWEET CHOCOLATE PEPPER ZUCCHINI